Anmatyerr, Walpiri and the
Pitjantjatjara, who form balls from the
fruit paste and dry and store them on
sticks. 12, 13, 14 They have antioxidant properties, are a good source of fruit acids
and protein and contain lycopene and
carotene. 4, 13, 18, 23
Figure 6: “Bush sultana dreaming”—part of a design by Audrey
Napanagka for M&S Textiles, Australia
Plants and the ‘Dreaming’
According to Aboriginal beliefs,
humans, plants, animals and minerals
all form part of a permanent network
in the changing canvas of life that can
trace is origin back to the
“Dreamtime” 13, 12, 20 or the creation of the
world by their great spirit ancestors.
Stories of the “Dreaming” are often
depicted in art (Fig. 6). and flora form a
major part of the “Dreaming.” The ritual power of plants in Aboriginal culture
is dependent not only on their pharmacological properties but also on the
spirit of the “Dreaming” within.
Possible applications of these unique
• Spa products; e.g., Australia as the
next destination spa;
• Sun care products and skin care;
• Bath and shower;
• Hair care products;
• Ethical branded products;
• High end luxury products;
• Novelty alternatives; e.g., desert
lime—a different citrus possibility.
hand-harvested and sorted in the traditional manner, with infinite care; it is
about traceability (knowing exactly
where the ingredients come from); it is
about Australia which will be the next
geographical region in personal care
themes. And last but not least, it is
about creating a consumer fantasy.
Outback Spirit Botanicals address
many of the current consumer wants
and resulting trends in personal care
products and it offers tangible branding benefits.
The Outback Spirit Foundation supports sustainable indigenous business
development to deliver economic,
social, cultural, health and well-being
advantages to Australian indigenous
people. By buying Outback Spirit products customers are supporting ethical
trading practices, that benefit the people and the environments that produce
However Outback Spirit Botanicals is
about more than ethical practices, it is
also about cosmetic raw materials that
convey the youth, warmth and energy
of Australia to consumers; it is about
profound luxury, ingredients from pristine wilderness regions, meticulously
1. The Ethical Consumerism Report 2007
pub. The Co-operative Bank
2. LOHAS (Lifestyle of Health &
3. Organic Monitor Industry Watch
Newsletter July 2008
4. Brand, J.C. et al. (1983) The nutritional
composition of Australian Aboriginal bushfoods Food Technology in Australia 35 ( 6) :
5. Mintel GNPD Database
6. Bendell,J. & Kleanthous,A. Deeper
7. Lannois,A. & Pitman,S. (2008)
Consumers go for environmental and ethical
claims Cosmetics Design Europe 11.04.2008
8. The Ethical Products Organisation
9. Nielsen on-line survey (2008) World’s
consumers rate the environment number
one corporate priority
10. IMO Fair for Life Certification
11. Good Shopping Guide 2008/9 7th edn.
Chapter on Ethical Cosmetics & Skin Care
copyright Ethical Company Organisation
12. Clarke, P.A. (2007) Aboriginal people
and their plants pub. Rosenberg publishing
13. Isaacs, J. (1987) Bush Food pub.
Weldons Pty. Ltd.
14. Hegarty, M.P. & Hegarty E.E. (2001)
Food Safety of Australian Plant Bushfoods
RIRDC Publication N° 01/28
15. Netzel, M. et al. (2007) Native
Australian fruits – a novel source of antioxidants for food Innovative Food Science &
Emerging technologies 8 ( 3): 339-346.
16. Traditional Bush Medicines: an
Aboriginal Pharmacopoeia (1988) pub.
Greenhouse Publications Pty. Ltd.
17. CSIRO Australian Native Food Profiles
18. Zhao, J. & Agboola, S. (2007)
Functional properties of Australian bushfoods RIRDC Publication N° 07/030
19. Wilkinson, J.M. et al. (2003) Bioactivity
of Backhousia citriodora: antibacterial and
antifungal activity J. Agric.Food Chem
20. Cowan, J. (1992) Aborigine Dreaming
pub. Element Books 1992 & reprinted 2002
21. Plants For a Future Database:
Prostanthera rotundifolia http://www.
22. Wilkinson, J.M. & Cavanagh, H.M.A.
(2005) Antibacterial activity of essential oils
from Australian native plants Phytotherapy,
19 ( 7): 643-46.
23. Merrethene, Arelhe-kenhe (2007)
Arrernte Traditional Healing pub. IAD
Press, Alice Springs, Australia.